The education is the key for gaining knowledge, power of reasoning and judgement and preparing oneself or others intellectually for better life. Its acts a powerful tool to shape the destiny of a person. According to the census report of the year 2011, Literacy rate in Uttarakhand is 79.63%. A Study was made to analyze the development of primary education in Dehradun District of Uttarakhand from 2000 to 2011, and it has been found that enrolments in government primary schools are consistently declining and enrolment growth rate was reported in most of years, while this rate was also positive in last decades. This study was also reported the enrolment shifting from government primary schools towards private primary schools. But it was known that "Right of Education (RTE)" at present is not at satisfactory level after such long period of implementation. The most of studies indicates the poor condition of elementary education and concluded that this condition is the creation of poor condition of infrastructure, teachers, parent’s illiteracy, social and economic discrimination. Overall condition of primary education in Uttarakhand as well in other states of India in Alarming and need to reconsider the whole education system.