Although the state of Meghalaya does not occupy a very big portion of the India but it is developing into one of the most advanced and technically sound states. Meghalaya education has played a major role in this metamorphosis. Over the years, the literacy rate has shown an overall improvement escalating from 26.92% in the year 1961 to around 63.31% in the year 2001. In fact, according to the data collected in the 2011 census, 75.48% of the occupants of the state of Meghalaya are literate. This is a huge achievement in itself despite of the limited number of resources that are provided to it. Meghalaya is also the first state to introduce the concept of “Communitisation”. This model has been applied at the elementary level of education. In this model of education, the committees or the governing schools have prominent citizens heading these committees. The education department is also presently gearing up to meet the challenges of Human Resource Development in the Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE), 2009 to encourage the development of much required critical mass which is expected to contribute significally to the state and the nation’s growth and development. The education department in Meghalaya strives hard to live up to probable challenges that may arise in the Human Resource Development sector of the state. It is also promoting the concept of Right to Free and Compulsory Education in the state. The Education Scenario is looking forward and the government is also introducing newer concepts in the Education sector. A classical example is the proposal to introduce Chinese language in schools in Meghalaya. By doing so, students will have better opportunity to do a job in china.