Maharashtra has shown a remarkable growth in the field of primary education. Education in Maharashtra has come a long way in the last two decades. According to the census 2010, Maharashtra has the literacy rate of 80% and it is increased to 82.91% in the year 2011. Maharashtra Government has introduced several schemes and laws to encourage primary education in the state. Development of primary education has always been a top priority for Maharashtra state government. In the year 1951, The Government took upon itself to initiate education in the rural areas in Maharashtra. Soon primary education was made compulsory in the state. Since there has been a steady rise in the numbers of students enrolling in primary schools. The major objective of the plan to improve education system was to transform and change the current educational system and relate closely with the aspirations of the students and fulfill their requirements, to improve the process and standard of imparting education, To spot, recognize and develop talent, to improve and increase facilities for students and teachers alike, prevent absenteeism and drop-out. New Methods of teaching were introduced and upgradation of courses and curriculum were initiated. Emphasis was given on more technical and professional ways of teaching. Teachers were encouraged to experiment and apply modern methods of teaching in schools. The format for examination was also changed.